Pralhad Joshi, MP Hubballi » Dharwad Lok Sabha Constituency
Dharwad Lok Sabha Constituency

Dharwad Loksabha Constituency covers the entire revenue district of Dharwad and Shiggavi taluk from Haveri district.  This constituency has been hailed as the citadel of education and culture. It is recognised as the cultural capital of Karnataka. Literary giants like Dr. Bendre, prof Gokak, Dr. Kanavi, Dr. D.S. Karki, Prof, Kirtinath Kurtkoti, Shri Girish Karnad blossomed in this district and constituency.  Dharwad District has an atmosphere that is conducive to classical music. Musical giants like Bharatratna Pt. Bhimsen Joshi, Dr Gangubai hangal, Dr Mallikarjun Mansoor, Pt. Basavraj Rajguru and Sawai Gandharva were born and developed themselves into great Hindustani musicians here. After delimitation of the constituency Shiggaon & Kundgol Assembly segments were added in place of Gadag and Nargund. Thus Dharwad lokasaba constituency now consists of seven assembly segments viz, Dharwad Rural, Hubli-Dharwad east, Hubli-Dharwad west, Hubli-Dharwad central, Kundgol, Navalgund, Shiggaon & Kalaghatagi.

Educationally the constituency is very rich .three universities are functioning in the district and are striving for the development of education, not only in the constituency but beyond.  Dr, Sudha murty, Shri Nandan Nilekani of Infosys, shri Gururaj Deshpande of sycamore of USA were educated in the district. In general Dharwad distict has made great contribution to the cultural, educational & social fields and has carved a niche in the annals of socio-cultural domain.

Historical Background

Historical studies show that people from early Paleolithic age inhabited Dharwad district.  A few places of antiquarian interest and several sites of historical importance are found in the district. The district was ruled by various dynasties from the 5th century onwards.  Important among them are Badami and Kalyan Chalukyas, Rastrakutas, Vijayanagar kings, Adilshahi of Bijapur, Mysore kingdom and Peshawas of Pune.  Due to the rule of Peshwas, influence of Marathi is seen in the early decades of the 19th century.  During the British rule, Dharwad became the divisional headquarter of educational administration and Kannada the vernacular language of the people gained prominence .

The major religions in the district are Hinduism, Islam, Jainism and Christianity.  The majority of Hindus are found in both urban and rural areas. In the district, dry farming is the backbone of the agricultural economy, besides being hub of industries.  Agriculture is even now labour-intensive enterprise.  Hence the district has an above average proportion of workers in its population and offers opportunities to seasonal workers.

In 1962 the erstwhile towns of Dharwad and Hubli were amalgamated to constitute the Hubli Dharwad Municipal Corporation. Now cold of Hubli-Dharwad Mahanagar Palike.  Thus strictly speaking, the district takes its name from a portion of the pre-eminent town of the district.  In 1830, the southern Maratha country was brought under Regulation VII and the territories were formed into one Collectorate called Dharwad District or Zilla.  Before trifurcation of the district into Gadag and Haveri, the district consisted of 17 talukas.

Geographical Features

Geographically speaking, Dharwad constituency comprises of sq kms of area spread over in 7 taluks (Siggaun some parts of Savanut Talukas). Dharwad constituency & district is situated in the Western sector of the northern half of Karnataka State.  The District encompasses an area of 4263 sq. kms lying between the latitudinal parallels of 15002’ and 15051’ North and longitudes of 73043’ and 75035’ East.  The district is bounded on the North by the District of Belgaum, on the East by the district of Gadag, on the South Haveri and on the West by Uttara Kannada district.   which surround Dharwad district.

The constituency lies approximately about 800 mts above the sea level, which is why it enjoys a moderate and healthy climate.  The District and the constituency may be divided into 3 natural regions, viz., the Malnad, Semi-Malnad and Maidan. These regions, on an average, receive moderate to heavy rainfall and have dense vegetation.   Kalghatagi and Alnavar area in Dharwad taluka in particular receive more rainfall than other talukas of the District

On the agricultural front, the presence of black soil helps in raising crops like  Cotton, Wheat, Ragi, Jowar and Oil seeds and that of red soil is more suitable for paddy.

Economy

The constituency district falls in Tropical Region, which is largely affected by monsoons. This explains that the district is an agro-based economy, and also that agriculture is the main occupation in the whole of rural area of the district. The prestigious University of Agricultural Sciences at Dharwad has discovered new species of cotton and chilies, which is the first of its kind in the world. The existence of this prestigious institution has boosted the agro-based industries in the district and brought laurels to the State of Karnataka.

Manufacturing industry, particularly agro-based industry makes a significant contribution to the economy.  Hubli-Dharwad are two of the major commercial centres in the State, with Hubli city fast developing into a major city and hub of IT related activities of late. This city has a fully equipped Airport which very soon to be developed as of international standard one, beside being the HQ of SWR Railways.

Till today, agriculture is a labour intensive enterprise.  Many laborers largely depend on seasonal employment. The per capita income at current prices is Rs.14861 and at constant prices [93-94] it is Rs.10462.  The State level per capita income at current prices is Rs.14909. The main kharif crops are cotton, chilies, sugarcane and groundnuts, and the main rabi crops are jowar, wheat, rice etc.    Out of total cultivated land, only 12.10% is irrigated [as per the 4th Economic Survey – 1998]. On the industrial side, it is seen that there are 50602 industrial units existing in the district. The district has as many as 216 banks and 535 ration shops.

Transportation and Communication

Dharwad District has 156 kms of National, 163 kms of State and 599 kms of District Highways. Apart from this it has 777 village roads, 437 TDB roads, 32 Forest Roads and 189 other roads. There are 12 big bridges in the district.

There are 151 kms of railway line, which has been converted into broad gauge. Way back in 1992 thus giving impetus to all-round development. Having 21 railway stations on this line. There are 216 post offices, 167 telegraph and 73 telephone exchanges as means of communication for the general public.

Public Health and Family Welfare

The public health infrastructure of Dharwad District consists of 26 Primary Health Centres, 3 Sub-Health Units, 5 Govt. Hospitals, 27 Private Nursing Homes and Hospitals and 6 Family Welfare Centres with 185 sub-Family Welfare Units at present.

Cultural Characteristics

This constituency receives a special recognition on the cultural map of the state. It has enriched the cultural fields like music, literature and art by producing famous and memorable names. The prestigious Jnanapeetha awardee Dr. D. R. Bendre of Dharwad, has contributed to the field of literature, to the extent of infinity. Renowned classical Hindustani singers like Sawai Gandaharva, Smt Gangubai Hangal, Mallikarjun Mansur, Pt. Bhimasen Joshi, Basavaraj Rajguru, have not only contributed to the field of music but have also made the district proud.

On the religious front, the district being secular, has number of holy places, like Muraghamath of Dharwad, Siddaroodhamatha and Moorsaviramath of Hubli, Amminbhavi Hiremath and Holy Christ Church of Dharwad, which has celebrated its 150th year.